Zivojin Misic (Struganik, 1855 – Belgrade, 1921) was a Serbian and Yugoslav mason, duke (marshal), participant of all Serbian wars (1876 – 1878). One of the most brilliant Serbian military leaders of the First World War.
At the very beginning of his forty years of service, Zivojin Misic was a participant in the Serbian-Turkish wars (1876-1878), as a sergeant-sergeant, later a lieutenant. In those wars he gained his first war experience. In addition to the four-year Artillery School, he completed the Austro-Hungarian shooting school in Bruk on Lajta and two-year preparation for the general staff. He also participated in the short-term Serbian-Bulgarian War of 1885. For six full years, in addition to his regular duties, he taught strategy at the Military Academy. After the May uprising, he was forced to retire with the rank of General Staff Colonel, since it was considered too close to the ousted dynasty of Obrenovic, but was reactivated in 1909, during the annexation crisis on the personal request of the Chief of the Supreme Command, General Radomir Putnik, who made him his own assistant. Misic helped General Putnik draw up a Serbian war plan in a possible war with Austro-Hungarian Empire.
In the Balkan Wars, Misic was also assistant to the Chief of Staff of the Supreme Command, General Travelers, and it was his right hand. He was directly involved in planning and managing operations against the Turkish Vardar Army, which is why he was promoted to the rank of general after the Kumanovo battle. He distingushed himself with the correct assessment of the situation on the first day of the Battle of Bregalnica when the Serbian Supreme Command in Skopje was considering the question of where on the line would be a crucial battle. Adoption of his proposal had a decisive influence on the further flow and the final outcome of the decisive battle of the Second Balkan War.
After the end of this war, Mišić was retired for the second time in the same way by the officers of the Black Hand clique.
However, before the outbreak of the First World War, he was again reactivated and appointed as an assistant Chief of Staff of the Supreme Command. During the Kolubara battle, General Misic was handed over the command over The First army, which was then in a very difficult situation. Thanks to his personal efforts and knowledge, the First Army turned from the routing unit into a formation capable of fighting. Mišić insisted on deeper withdrawal, shortening the front of the entire Serbian army, which would allow the other armies time for rest, filling up supplies and supply. His gamble paid off as the Austro-Hungarian army too widespread its lines, and is severely defeated in the latter Serbian counter-attack. For his merits and victory, on December 4, 1914, Mišić was promoted to the rank of Duke (Marshal).
After a new combined attack by the German, Austro-Hungarian and Bulgarian troops against Serbia in October 1915, when the Serbian army retreated to Kosovo, Mišić proposed that a counter-attack be carried out. This proposal was rejected by the other army commanders at a meeting in Peja and a retreat followed. After this, he surrendered command of the army and went for treatment in France. In mid-1916, he was re-appointed for the First Command
the army that stopped it and forced the Bulgarian army to withdraw, and in the Battle of Gonichevo liberated Bitola. At the end of the war in June 1918 he traded posts with General Bojovic and was appointed the Chief of Staff of the Supreme Command. He commanded the Serbian army during the breakthrough of Thessaloniki Front in September of the same year, and in two and a half months the Kingdom of Serbia was liberated. English King George V awarded him the title of the English battalion knight. As the most famous military commander of the First World War I and Serbian War History, is considered a legend of its people.